Feed Industry Review

A Structural and Financial Analysis of the Feed Industries of Europe


Feed Industry Review (cover)Feed Industry Review is an extensive structural and financial analysis of the animal feed industries in the United Kingdom and in each of 15 other major feed-producing countries in Europe. This 288 page report is a planning and assessment tool for managers working within the feed industry and an invaluable aid for companies for whom the feed production sector is a principal market.


Section 1 – United Kingdom: Click on chapter headings below for detailed contents

  1. Background, Players and Strategy
  2. The Market for Compound Feed in Great Britain
  3. The Market for Compound Feed in Northern Ireland
  4. Compounders’ Costs of Sales
  5. The Overall Market for Feedingstuffs in the UK
  6. Compound Feed Manufacturing – a Regional Industry
  7. Output of Livestock Products and the Final Consumer
  8. Employment, Investment and Profitability
  9. Strategic Implications

Section 2 – Europe: Click on chapter headings below for detailed contents

  1. Compounding in the European Union – an Overview
  2. Austria
  3. Belgium
  4. Denmark
  5. Finland
  6. France
  7. Germany
  8. Greece
  9. Ireland
  10. Italy
  11. Netherlands
  12. Norway
  13. Portugal
  14. Spain
  15. Sweden
  16. Switzerland
  17. Appendices

Background, Players and Strategy

A Competitive Industry

The Players

The Nationals

The Regional or ‘Country’ Compounders

Farmer Owned or Controlled Organisations

Other Company Developments

Long Term Development of Production

The Post-war Period – 1950 to 1960

The Years of Expansion – 1960 to 1983

Crisis and Cutback – 1984 to 1995

Background to the Future

The Market for Compound Feed in Great Britain

The Market in Retrospect

Calf Feeds

Dairy Feeds

Beef Feeds

Pig Feeds

Poultry Feeds

Sheep and Lamb Feeds

Market Share

A Regional Industry?

The Means of Production

Mill Numbers in the Longer Term

Compound Feed Prices

Customer Profitability

Milk Production

Beef Production

Pork Production

Production of Sheep and Lambs

Production of Broilers

Production of Eggs

Conclusions – Market Prospects

Dairy Sector

Beef Sector

Pig Sector

Chicken Sector

Layer Sector

Sheep & Lamb Sector

The Market for Compound Feed in Northern Ireland

Production of Cattle and Calf Feeds

Production of Pig Feeds

Production of Poultry Feeds

Production of Sheep and other miscellaneous Feeds

Raw Material Usage

Exports of Feed to the Republic of Ireland

Structure of Production

The Customers – livestock numbers

Structure of Competition

Compounders’ Costs of Sales

Raw Material Usage in Great Britain

Winners and Losers

Ingredient Prices

Raw Materials Usage in Northern Ireland

Product Formulation – the MAFF Sample Survey

Standard Dairy Rations

Summer Grazing Rations

Rearing Pig Rations

Pig Finishing Rations

Sow Diets

Broiler Starter Diets

Broiler Finishing Rations

Layer Rations

Domestic Sourcing of Raw Materials

Imported Raw Materials

Raw Material Stocks

Conclusions – the Effects of CAP Reform

The Overall Market for Feedingstuffs in the UK

UK Livestock Populations

Structure of UK Livestock Producers 1984-95

The Total Market for Purchased Feedingstuffs

Total Availability and Utilisation of Grain

Total Availability and Utilisation of Oilcake and Meals

Total Supply and Utilisation of Maize Gluten Feed

Compounders as Competitors in the Overall Feedingstuffs Market

The Total Market for Dairy Feed – the Role of Silage

Pig feed – Compounds vs. Home-mixing

Broiler Feeding – Compounds vs. Integrators

Layer Feeds – Compounders and Others

Compounders’ Market Share – an Overall Comment

Compound Feed Manufacturing – a Regional Industry

The Question of Capacity

Patterns of Regional Production in the UK

For each of the UK Regions below, data and analysis is provided about the following:

Livestock Populations | Compound Feed Production | Major Companies | Capacity related to Demand

South West Region

South East Region

West Midlands

East Midlands

East Anglia

North West Region

Yorkshire and Humberside Region

Northern Region



Concluding Remarks on Capacity in Great Britain

Output of Livestock Products and the Final Consumer

Total Consumption of Milk and Dairy Products

Compounders’ Input to Meat Production

Supply and Disposal of Pigmeat

Supply and Disposal of Poultrymeat

Supply and Disposal of Beef and Veal

Supply and Disposal of Mutton and Lamb

Supply and Disposal of Eggs

The National Food Survey

The Demise of the Great British Breakfast

Consumption outside the Home

Eating Out

Effect of Imports on UK Compounders

Livestock product Consumption – Conclusions

Employment, Investment and Profitability

Employment – Numbers and Costs

Pattern of Employment

The Customs & Excise Case

Cause for Alarm?

Employment Costs in 1990-92

Capital Investment

Measures of Productivity

Overall Industry Profitability

Profitability – the Impact of Milk Quotas

Recent Developments in Profitability 1990-92

Profitability in 1992-94

The Industry Overall – the BSO Approach

Profitability – The Overall Picture 1979-92

Factors Influencing Profitability in 1993-94

Strategic Implications

The Common Agricultural Policy

Overall Market Size

Livestock Production and Feed Requirement

Beef and Veal

Mutton and Lamb


Bacon and Ham




Compounds within the Overall Feeding Requirement

Market Demand and Manufacturing Capacity

The Future of Compound Feed Manufacturing in the UK

Compounding in the European Union – an Overview

Compound Feed Production

The Customers

Raw Materials Usage

Structure of the Industry

Comparative Profitability

Prices for Compound Feeds

Major Issues

For each European country below, data and analysis is provided about the following:

Compound Feed Production | Raw Material Usage | Industry Structure | The Customers | The Final Consumer | Financial Indicators | Structure of Competition








Republic of Ireland


The Netherlands







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